How to Treat Urine Scald in Rabbits: A Comprehensive Guide

Last Updated on July 18, 2023 by Leonard Harper

Urine scald is a painful and potentially dangerous condition that can affect rabbits. It occurs when urine irritates and damages the skin around the rabbit’s genital area, leading to inflammation, infection, and discomfort. If left untreated, urine scald can cause serious health problems, including urinary tract infections, bladder stones, and even death.

Fortunately, there are several effective ways to treat urine scald in rabbits. The first step is to identify the underlying cause of the condition. Common causes include poor diet, dental disease, arthritis, and limited mobility. Once the cause has been identified, treatment can begin. This may involve changing the rabbit’s diet, providing pain relief medication, or using topical ointments to soothe and protect the affected skin. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove bladder stones or correct other underlying health issues.

If you suspect that your rabbit may be suffering from urine scald, it is important to seek veterinary care as soon as possible. With prompt and appropriate treatment, most rabbits can recover from urine scald and enjoy a happy, healthy life. By taking steps to prevent and treat this condition, you can help ensure that your furry friend stays comfortable and well-cared for.

Symptoms and Causes

Urine scald in rabbits is a common health problem that occurs when urine soaks into the fur around the rabbit’s hindquarters. The condition is characterized by inflamed skin, hair loss, and a foul smell. Here are some of the symptoms and causes of urine scald in rabbits:


  • Bald patches and missing fur around the back legs
  • Red, inflamed skin and open wounds down the rear legs
  • Smelly and discolored fur
  • Clear and visible urine stains on the hind legs
  • Constant scratching or biting in the affected area
  • Wet patches on their tail, bottom, and belly


Urine scald can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs) or other urinary issues that affect the urine flow
  • Bladder sludge or stones that cause dribbling and urinary incontinence
  • Dirty environment or poor hygiene that leads to bacterial infections or skin conditions
  • Dental disease or poor diet that makes grooming difficult and painful
  • Arthritis or other health problems that cause disabilities or hip dysplasia
  • Injury or amputation that affects the rabbit’s mobility and ability to groom itself
  • Uterine cancer or other diseases that cause weight gain or hormonal imbalances
  • Stress or illness that weakens the rabbit’s immune system and makes it more susceptible to infections
  • Flystrike or other external parasites that cause skin infections and irritation

The severity of urine scald can vary depending on the underlying cause and the rabbit’s overall health. It is important to seek veterinary care if you notice any symptoms of urine scald in your rabbit.

Treatment and Prevention

Health Issues and Veterinary Care

Veterinary Care

If your rabbit is suffering from urine scald, it is important to take them to the vet for proper treatment. The vet will examine your rabbit and may prescribe antibiotics or other medications to treat any underlying infections or conditions. In some cases, your rabbit may require pain relief or other supportive care to help them recover.

Your vet may also perform tests to determine the underlying cause of your rabbit’s urine scald. This could include checking for bladder stones or sludge, which can cause dribbling and urinary incontinence. If your rabbit is diagnosed with bladder stones or sludge, they may require surgical removal to prevent further complications.

Home Care

In addition to veterinary care, there are several things you can do at home to help treat and prevent urine scald in rabbits.

Diet and Exercise: A healthy diet and regular exercise can help prevent obesity and other health problems that can contribute to urine scald. Make sure your rabbit has access to plenty of hay and fresh water, and limit their intake of sugary or starchy foods.

Grooming and Bathing: Regular grooming can help prevent urine scald by keeping your rabbit’s hindquarters clean and dry. If your rabbit’s fur becomes matted or dirty, you may need to give them a bath using lukewarm water and a rabbit-safe shampoo. Be sure to dry your rabbit thoroughly after bathing to prevent dampness.

Barrier Cream and Sudocrem: Applying a barrier cream or ointment to your rabbit’s hindquarters can help protect their skin from urine scald. Sudocrem is a popular choice for treating and preventing urine scald in rabbits.

Litter Training and Incontinence: If your rabbit is litter trained, make sure their litter box is clean and dry at all times. If your rabbit is experiencing incontinence, you may need to use a diaper or provide regular “butt baths” to keep their hindquarters clean and dry.

Preventing Wet Bedding and Hutch Burn: Wet bedding and hutch burn can contribute to urine scald by keeping your rabbit’s hindquarters damp and irritated. Make sure your rabbit’s bedding is clean and dry at all times, and provide plenty of ventilation in their hutch to prevent moisture buildup.

Overall, preventing and treating urine scald in rabbits requires a combination of veterinary care and home care. By taking steps to keep your rabbit healthy and clean, you can help prevent this painful and uncomfortable condition.

Frequently Asked Questions