What Do Rabbits Need? A Comprehensive Guide to Rabbit Care

Last Updated on July 18, 2023 by Leonard Harper

Rabbits are cute and cuddly animals that make great pets. But, if you are considering getting a pet rabbit, you need to know what they need to thrive. Rabbits are social creatures that require a lot of attention and care. In this article, we will discuss what rabbits need to be happy and healthy.

One of the most important things that rabbits need is proper housing. Rabbits need a cage or hutch that is large enough for them to move around in and stand on their hind legs. The cage should be made of a non-toxic material like wood, metal, or plastic. Rabbits also need a comfortable place to sleep, so make sure to provide them with a soft and cozy bed. Additionally, rabbits need plenty of exercise, so it is essential to give them enough space to run around and play.

Another critical factor in a rabbit’s health is their diet. Rabbits are herbivores, which means they need a diet that is high in fiber. The majority of a rabbit’s diet should come from hay, which helps keep their digestive system healthy. In addition to hay, rabbits need fresh vegetables and fruits. However, not all vegetables and fruits are safe for rabbits to eat, so it is important to do your research before feeding them.

Food and Water

When it comes to keeping rabbits healthy, providing them with the right food and water is crucial. In this section, we will discuss the different types of food and water that rabbits need to stay healthy.


Rabbits need a balanced diet that includes hay, fresh vegetables, and a small amount of pellets. The majority of their diet should consist of hay, which provides the necessary fiber for a healthy digestive system. Timothy hay or oat hay is preferred because it is lower in calories and calcium than alfalfa hay, which should only be given to young rabbits.

In addition to hay, rabbits should be given a variety of fresh vegetables. Leafy green vegetables such as carrot tops, lettuce, and chard are excellent sources of nutrients. Other vegetables such as broccoli and carrots can also be given in moderation as a treat.

Rabbit pellets can also be given in small amounts as a supplement to their diet. When choosing pellets, make sure they are high in fiber and protein and low in fat. Avoid pellets that contain nuts, seeds, or dried fruit, as these can be harmful to rabbits.


Fresh water should always be available to rabbits. Water bowls are preferred over water bottles, as rabbits tend to drink more water from bowls. Rabbits can consume a lot of water, so make sure to refill their water bowl daily.

A healthy diet is important for rabbits to maintain good health. A balanced diet that includes hay, fresh vegetables, and a small amount of pellets will provide rabbits with the nutrients they need to stay healthy. Fresh water should always be available to rabbits to prevent dehydration and other health problems.

Housing and Environment

Housing and Environment

Rabbits are social animals and need enough space to move around, play, and stretch their legs. When it comes to housing and environment, there are a few things to keep in mind to ensure that your pet rabbit is healthy and happy.

Cage and Hutch

A safe and comfortable cage or hutch is essential for your pet rabbit. The enclosure should be large enough for your bunny to move around and stretch. The House Rabbit Society recommends that the housing should be at least 4-6 times the size of your bunny when he’s entirely stretched out. If your rabbit is confined for a large amount of the day, then the enclosure should be even larger.

When choosing a cage or hutch, avoid ones with wire floors as they can cause sore hocks and other injuries. Instead, choose a solid bottom that can be lined with bedding. Bedding should be safe to eat, such as dust-free straw or hay. Avoid cedar or pine shavings, as they can cause respiratory problems due to the release of aromatic hydrocarbons.

Run and Exercise

Rabbits need plenty of exercise to stay healthy and happy. A run is a great way to provide your bunny with the space they need to run and play. The Rabbit Welfare Association and Fund recommends that the living area for two rabbits should be at least 3m x 2m x 1m high, while their sleeping quarters (such as a hutch) should be a minimum of 1.8m x 0.6m x 0.6m high (or 6ft x 2ft x 2ft).

If you have an outdoor hutch, make sure that it is predator-proof and has a solid roof to protect your bunny from birds of prey. Also, provide a sheltered area for your bunny to hide in case of bad weather.

Litter Box and Bedding

Rabbits are naturally clean animals and can be litter trained. Provide a litter box with newspaper, hay or straw, shredded paper, and/or paper-based non-clumping, non-expanding cat litter. Place the litter box in a corner of the enclosure where your bunny usually goes to the toilet.

Bedding should be changed regularly to prevent the buildup of bacteria and flu viruses. A clean and dry environment will also help prevent your bunny from getting sore hocks. Make sure to provide your bunny with plenty of toys and chew items to keep their teeth healthy and prevent them from chewing on things they shouldn’t.

In summary, providing a safe and comfortable environment for your pet rabbit is essential to their health and happiness. Choose a cage or hutch that is large enough, provide plenty of exercise space, and keep the litter box and bedding clean. With proper care, your bunny can be a loving and loyal companion for many years to come.

Health and Grooming


One of the most important things you can do for your rabbit’s health is to find a safe and reliable veterinarian who specializes in rabbit care. Rabbits have unique health needs, and not all veterinarians have experience treating them. Make sure to schedule regular check-ups with your veterinarian to ensure your rabbit is healthy.

Some common health problems that rabbits can experience include obesity, diarrhea, and fleas. To prevent obesity, make sure your rabbit has a healthy diet that includes plenty of fiber, such as orchard grass or brome. Diarrhea can be caused by stress, poor diet, or other health issues, so it’s important to monitor your rabbit’s health and seek veterinary care if necessary. Fleas can be prevented with regular grooming and flea treatments, but if your rabbit does get fleas, it’s important to treat them promptly to prevent further health issues.


Regular grooming is important for your rabbit’s health and well-being. Grooming helps remove loose fur, prevent hairballs, and keep your rabbit’s fur clean and healthy. To groom your rabbit, you’ll need a few basic supplies, including a towel, a brush, and a comb.

When grooming your rabbit, make sure to be gentle and take your time. Use a soft brush to remove loose fur, and a comb to remove any tangles or mats. Check your rabbit’s ears and teeth regularly to ensure they are healthy and not overgrown. If your rabbit’s nails get too long, you can trim them with a nail clipper designed for rabbits.

In addition to regular grooming, it’s important to provide your rabbit with plenty of exercise and a safe environment. Consider setting up an exercise pen or tunnel for your rabbit to play in, and make sure to provide a tray for your rabbit to use as a litter box. Finally, make sure your rabbit is fixed to prevent health problems and increase their lifespan.

Frequently Asked Questions